snake-599489_640I saw a snake the other day near our garage. After the initial jumping, squealing and running away, I calmed down enough to realise it was only a green tree snake and I just left it alone and it went on its merry way.

Living on acreage in South East Queensland means we do occasionally see snakes, so it wasn’t the first time and certainly won’t be the last time that I will have a snake encounter. But it got me to thinking about first aid for snake bites and what I would do if someone or one of the animals were bitten.

A lot of us know the first aid steps to take if a person is bitten by a snake, but do you know what to do if an animal is bitten by a snake? Do you know what signs to look out for to know if your animal has been bitten?

It can be hard to know why an animal is acting sick, unwell or lethargic because unfortunately they can’t tell us what is going on. This is when we need to watch them and look for the vital clues and signs of injury, trauma or disease. Snake bites can be fatal so it is important to be aware of the symptoms of a snake bite. These symptoms can be seen soon after a snake bite or develop up to 24 hours after it has occurred.
* Swelling, irritation or bleeding at the bite site
* Vomiting
* Shaking, trembling or muscle twitches
* Dilated pupils
* Weakness and/or collapse
* Drooling
* Pale gums
* Blood in the urine
* Panting or rapid breathing
* Paralysis

The severity or presence of certain symptoms will vary depending on the type of snake that has bitten the animal and the amount of venom that has been injected.

If your pet is bitten by a snake follow the following steps;
* Stay calm
* Do not try to find, catch or kill the snake; this could lead to you getting bitten
* Keep them as still as possible and carry them to the car
* If they have been bitten on a limb apply a pressure bandage to the limb (not too tight that you cut off circulation)
* Get them to your closest vet clinic for assessment

If your pet has been bitten by a snake or even if you suspect that it is a possibility please get them to a veterinarian immediately for examination. Even if there are no symptoms presenting consult your vet for advice as symptoms can develop very quickly and death can occur. The quicker an animal is treated by a vet after a snake bite the better the prognosis.

Once the animal reaches the vet clinic or animal hospital they will be quickly assessed and examined. Initial treatment may include a snake bite identification kit, blood tests, urine tests, oxygen therapy, intravenous fluids and administration of medication. Treatment and recovery from a snakebite can take one day or up to a week in a veterinary clinic, followed by a few weeks of being kept calm with reduced activity. Treatment with anti-venom and supportive therapies is generally very successful in saving a pets life with most pets making a full recovery.

So now you know what signs to look for and what to do if your pet is bitten by a snake but I hope that you never have to put the information to use.

Until next time,
Bec

 


dog-1615422_640The beautiful hot and humid Australian Summer weather has well and truly arrived! Here are a few things to remember to keep your pet happy, healthy and safe this summer.

Parasites
In the hot summer months parasites like fleas, ticks and worms thrive and can be detrimental to your pet’s health. It is important to keep flea treatments up to date, even if you don’t see any fleas on your pet. It is much easier to prevent a flea outbreak rather than eradicate one. Also be sure to use tick prevention, especially if you live in a tick area. The deadly paralysis tick can kill a pet within days, so be sure to use a tick treatment product and check your pet daily. With more mosquitoes around during summer it means that there is a higher risk of heartworm being transmitted, so be sure to stay compliant with your pets heartworm prevention. Also make sure your pet’s intestinal worming program is up to date.

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On a hot day there is no better way to cool down then going for a swim, even for your dog.

It is important to remember that not all dogs instinctively know how to swim and some are actually scared of or don’t like the water. Here are a few tips to help teach your dog how to swim, enjoy the water and most importantly to stay safe.

* Introduce your dog to water when they are young. The earlier you get them comfortable with the water the better.

* Never force or pull your dog into the water, this is likely to scare them more. You can coax them by using their favourite toy or calling them in.

* Always keep them in close reach, especially when starting. When they are initially learning keeping them on a lead is safest.

* Start with a small amount of shallow water. A wading pool or clam shell is a good starting point and you can gradually increase the water depth.

* Starting in a creek, dam, calm water beach or somewhere they are able to walk into the water can be less daunting than a swimming pool as they know they can touch the bottom.

* If swimming in a pool ensure that your dog can safely get out. Sometimes a ramp like the Skamper Ramp are helpful and easier to use than stairs.

* Take your time teaching them to swim, doing it over several days if they are hesitant.

* The swimming action of paddling the feet generally comes naturally, although often needs practice, when a dog is in the water and can’t touch the bottom. If they need help learning this you can hold the dog around their middle and balance on them against your body while gently moving their legs in a paddling movement.

* Remember, safety first when it comes to letting your dog swim. Always supervise them, never let them swim alone. Ensure that they are close enough to hear you and that you can reach them if needed. Make sure the water is safe, clean, free of debris and not in an area with a strong current. The vet-n-pet DIRECT Help Centre has a great article on Water Safety Tips For Dogs to remind everyone how to keep your dog safe around water.

* And remember to have fun!!

Until next time,
Bec


Moving boxes in new house.Moving house can be a very stressful time for your cat. Here are a few tips to follow when moving to help your cat adjust to their new home.

* When you first arrive at your new home do not release your cat until all visitors and movers have left. Ensure that all doors, windows and possible hidey holes (like open fire places) are closed.

* Introduce them to the house slowly by keeping them confined to one room for a few days. Put all their familiar things in that room including their bed, blanket, toys, scratching post, litter tray, food and water. This will allow them to become accustomed to their new surroundings, smells and sounds while feeling safe with their own familiar things.

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Everywhere I look at the moment there is fireweed, on the side of the road, in paddocks, in people’s backyard.img_1009

But what is fireweed? The botanical name for fireweed is Senecio madagascariensis and if you didn’t know any better it could just be overlooked as a normal weed with a pretty yellow flower, something like a dandelion. It is a small weed that grows to 50cm in height and in dry or harsh conditions it will often only reach 20cm. The leaves are bright green, narrow and about 2-7cm long. The flower is small (1-2cm in diameter), yellow, has 13 petals and found in clusters at the end of each branch. Each plant can have anywhere up to 200 flowers.

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Femal groom cleaning horseWhether you are showing your horse in competition, riding around at home or just have a horse standing in a paddock here are some top grooming tips to keep your horse always looking their best!

  • Do not over bathe your horse. Only shampoo when necessary as over-shampooing can make the coat dry and appear dull. You can just rinse sweat of them, spot clean and often brush dirt out.
  • Brush the hair in the direction that the hair grows.
  • Curry comb your horse every day to help remove dead hair and dirt. This will stimulate natural oil production.
  • Clean your horse’s feet our daily and use a hoof oil or dressing.
  • Brush the mane and tail starting from the bottom and working up. This helps removes knots and tangles easier. Use a detangling spray if needed.
  • Keep your brushes clean. Clean soft brushes after every few strokes by brushing them on a curry comb or metal brush to remove dirt and dust. Disinfectant and wash brushes on a regular basis.
  • If it is too cold to bathe your horse use a sponge to wipe of their face, neck, saddle and girth area to remove any sweat.
  • Rug your horse to minimise dirt, dust and fading from the sun.
  • Feed a good quality diet and add oil supplements like omega oils to bring out a shiny healthy coat.

Remember that grooming your horse shouldn’t be a chore, it is a great time to bond and spoil your equine friend with some extra love and attention.

Until next time,
Bec 


Some of the vet-n-pet DIRECT canine team members!

Some of the vet-n-pet DIRECT canine team members.

On Friday June 24th 2016 it is Take Your Dog To Work Day. Take Your Dog To Work Day is a day in which businesses are encouraged to allow staff members to bring their canine friends to the workplace. But let’s not forget our furry feline friends as they can be great workplace companions as well. The initiative aims to show people the benefits of companion animals and to encourage people to adopt a pet.

Many studies have shown the benefits of pet ownership on health and reducing stress levels in people, but did you know that there are many positive benefits to having pets in the workplace? Benefits of pets in the workplace include;
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dog-1228570_640Yes some dogs eat poo! It is disgusting and rather gross to think about but it does happen.

Coprophagia is the term given to the act of consuming faeces. Coprophagia is often seen in puppies but it usually stops as dog’s reach adolescence and adulthood. There are many reasons, both medical and behavioural, that a dog may eat their own (or someone else’s) faeces including;

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soldier-919202_640Alongside our brave men and women who serve and protect our country are some very special, well trained dogs. As a dog lover it melts my heart to see some of the beautiful images and tributes that go around on social media about soldiers and their dog’s. The bond that these soldiers and their dog’s have is remarkable and based on trust, respect and love.

The most common breeds used as military dogs are German Shepherds and Belgian Shepherd Malinois, however many other breeds and crossbreeds are used, provided the individual dog is well suited to the job at hand. Training these dogs takes a lot of time, effort and commitment. Understandably the dog and handler form a very unique bond built on trust and mutual respect.

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image source:  http://www.trulymadlykids.co.uk/

Image source: www.trulymadlykids.co.uk/

With Easter just around the corner I thought now was a good time to remind you all about how dangerous chocolate is for dog’s. Chances are you have heard that chocolate can kill dog’s and it’s not just an old wives tale, it is a fact! But why is chocolate so dangerous for dog’s?

There are two dangerous compounds in chocolate that are toxic to dog’s and other pets. These are Theobromine and Caffeine, they are both members of the drug class Methylxanines. Theobromine is the most dangerous compound and is found in the cocoa beans that are used to make chocolate. Theobromine is easily metabolised by humans but because dog’s process it more slowly it can build up in their system to toxic levels.

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